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Evolution of a historical system to a new temperament model: Nine Types of Temperament Model

Enver Demirel Yılmaz - Ali Görkem Gençer - Ömer Aydemir

Temperament is an important variable for understanding people and formulating their disposition to psychopathology. A model which determines temperament and personality definitions, their scope and relationships with each other, core features of temperament type structures, normal and psychopathological behavioral characteristics of temperament types, changes in extreme stress or relaxation situations is needed. Nine Type Temperament Model (NTTM) is a model which is formed by using Enneagram System (ES) and has a theoretical background and is compatible with current diagnostic systems and phenomena. Es, suggests that there are nine basic types. The model accepts that the types are affected by types on both sides of these types symbolized by numbers from 1 to 9 (wing effect), and that the types react apart from behavioral patterns in the case of extreme stress and relaxation (stress and comfortable line). Unlike ES, NTTM argues that such types defined as personality types should be defined as temperament types depending the thought that the types express the set of innate traits. It also adopts that the types cannot be defined through a single temperament feature. NTTM has been a holistic approach to the temperament, character and personality concepts that ES commentators ignore. NTTM aims to establish a theoretical cause and effect relationship between temperament structures and normal and psychopathological processes by focusing more intensively on the relationship between temperament types and psychopathological symptoms, psychiatric diagnosis and treatment strategies.

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